**101. STATISTICAL PHYSICS II (C-4)**

Applications of statistical mechanics. Photon gas. Insulating and conductive solids. Atomic and molecular gases. Equilibrium of chemical interactions. Equilibrium of phases and phase transitions of first and second kind. The role of interactions. Critical Exponents. Applications in astrophysics. (3,1,0)

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**102. SPECIAL TOPICS OF QUANTUM THEORY (C-4)**

Orbital integrals and applications. Scattering theory. Second quantization. Applications in non-relativistic systems with many degrees of freedom (3,1,0)

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**103. ELEMENTARY PARTICLES (B-5)**

Introduction. Basic concepts and experimental methods. Symmetries and conservation laws. Weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions. Introduction to gauge theories. Unified theories. Astroparticle physics. (3,1,0)

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**104. INTRODUCTION TO FIELD THEORY (B-5)**

Dirac equations. Klein-Gordon equations. Quantization of electromagnetic radiation. Simple applications of relativistic field theory. (3,1,0)

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**105. COSMOLOGY (B-5)**

Cosmological observational data: Hubble expansion, microwave background radiation, large-scale structures, dark matter, abundances of light elements. Big-bang theory: basic assumptions (homogeneity, isotropy, general relativity, perfect fluid), Robertson-Walker metric, horizons, red shift, luminosity distance, Friedman equations, age of the universe (Hubble expansion, background radiation, nucleosynthesis). Problems of the big-bang theory: the cosmological constant, flatness and horizon problems, dark matter, baryogenesis, primordial perturbations. Inflating universe: solution of basic problems. Evolution of primordial perturbations: structure formation in the universe. (4,0,0)

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**106. GRAVITY AND GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY (C-4)**

Introduction to differential geometry and Riemann geometry. Fundamental concepts of general relativity and Einstein equations. Elementary solutions, Newtonian limit and classical tests of the theory. Introduction to geometry and physical interpretation of black holes. Schwarzschild formula. Introduction to Robertson-Walker cosmological models (4,0,0)

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**107. GROUP THEORY (C-4)**

Elements of abstract groups of finite rank. Symmetry transformation groups. Conjugate classes. The symmetric group. Representations. Irreducible representations. Characters. Schur lemmas. Reduction of respresentations. Wigner's theorem. Continuous groups and their representations. Lie groups and algebras. The O(2), O(3), SU(2), SU(n), O(n), Sp(n) groups. Casimir operators. Applications. (3,1,0)

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**108. DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY (C-4)**

Curvature and torsion. Theory of curves. First and second fundamental form. Theory of surfaces. Tensor calculus. Internal geometry. (3,1,0)

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**109. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN PHYSICS (C-4)**

Root determination of algebraic equations. Calculation of determinants. Matrix diagonalization. Numerical integration. Interposition methods. Monte-Carlo integration. Solution of first and second order differential equations. Schroedinger-type differential equations. Solution of integral equations in physics. Minimization methods. Simulation methods (Monte-Carlo, molecular dynamics). (2,0,2)

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**110. QUANTUM THEORY OF INFORMATION (C-4)**

Basic Quantum Physics. Qubit (quantum + bit) – Quantum interference. Entanglement – Quantum teleportation. Quantum computers – quantum algorithms. Quantum phenomena in complex systems. Applications. (3,1,0)

**111. PLASMA PHYSICS (B-5)**

Introductory concepts. Single particle motion. Elements of Kinetic theory. Plasma as a fluid. Wave phenomena, diffusion and conductivity. Equilibrium and stability. Non-linear phenomena. Introduction to controlled fusion. (3,1,0)

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**112. MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS (C-4)**

Finite linear vector spaces. Infinite linear vector spaces. Curved coordinate systems. Integral transformations. Conformal transformations. Distributions theory. Differential equations and classical functions. The Sturm-Liouville problem. Solution of differential equations through the Green method. Integral equations. (2,1,1)

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**113. MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS BY COMPUTERS (C-4)**

Introduction: historical facts, symbolic calculations and relevant software. Basic concepts: Simple algebraic and numerical calculations, functions, derivatives, integrals and roots of equations. Graphical representations: graphical representations of functions in two and three dimensions, graphical representations of data, graphical representation of vector fields, animation. Complex problems: Linear Algebra, Eigenvalues, Eigenfunctions, Series, Differential equations, Numerical calculations. Calculational packages. Applications in Mathematics and Physics. (1,0,3)

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**201. ATOMIC PHYSICS (B-5)**

Elements of Quantum Mechanics. One electron atomic systems. Interaction of one electron atomic systems with radiation, transitions, dipole approximation, selection rules, atomic spectra, lifetimes, spectral distributions. Fine and Hyperfine structure. One electron atoms in external fields, Zeeman and Stark effects. Two electron atomic systems, wavefunctions, notation, excited states. Many electron atomic systems, Central Field Approximation, Thomas-Fermi model, Hartree-Fock method, LS coupling, Hund rules, Periodic Table, Alkali spectra, X-ray spectra. Special Topics of Atomic Physics, Photoionization, Rabi oscillations, interaction with strong laser fields. (3,1,0)

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**202. MOLECULAR PHYSICS (B-5)**

General attributes of molecules, shape, size, molecular bond, dipole moment, polarization. Elements of molecular symmetry, Point group theory. Quantum description of molecular systems, Born-Oppenheimer approximation, electronic states, Molecular orbits. Motion of nuclei, oscillatory and rotational states, molecular system energy, Morse potential, Rotation, Transitions, Selection rules, Rotational spectra, Intensity of spectral lines, Molecular vibration, Transitions, Selection rules, Vibrational spectra, Interaction between vibrational and rotational states, Raman spectroscopy. Electronic transitions, Franck-Condon coefficients. Radiative decay (fluorescence, phosphorescence), Ionization, Molecular break-up. Multi-photon resonant and non-resonant excitation, multi-photon ionization of molecules (3,1,0)

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**203. NUCLEAR PHYSICS I (B-5)**

Properties of nuclei (charge distribution, mass, angular momentum, parity, isotopic spin, electromagnetic torques). Instability of nuclei. Alpha-beta-gamma decay. Nuclear potential. (3,1,0)

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**204. NUCLEAR PHYSICS II (C-4)**

Nuclear models (collective motion, independent motion of nuclides). Nuclear reactions (elastic, inelastic scattering, direct reactions, complex nucleus reactions). (3,1,0)

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**205. SOLID STATE PHYSICS II (B-5)**

Measurement of Fermi surfaces. Fermi surfaces of metals. Classification of solids, Binding energy. Grid oscillations, phonons, non-harmonic phenomena. Electric properties of insulators. Ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Magnetic properties of solids. Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, magnetic order, magnetic areas, spin waves. Superconductivity. Surfaces and nanostructures. Amorphous materials. (3,1,0)

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**206. SEMICONDUCTORS PHYSICS (C-4)**

Elements of physics and structure of semiconductors. Electric conductivity, diffusion and recoupling of free charges. p-n and p-i-n junctions and semiconductor–metal junctions. Direct and inverse polarization (DC, AC operation). Heterojuctions and quantum spatial structures (quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots). Crystal diodes. (3,1,0)

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**207. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS IN PHYSICS Ι (C-4)**

Experimental methods, instrumentation and scope of Atomic and Molecular Physics, High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics. (3,1,0)

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**208. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS IN PHYSICS ΙΙ (C-4)**

Vacuum techniques. Low temperatures. Thermometry. Thin film technology. Techniques for studying solids and surfaces: X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer effect. Electric and magnetic measurements, mass spectroscopy, electron diffraction, Auger Spectroscopy. Measurement of work function. (3,1,0)

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**209. LABORATORIES IN MODERN PHYSICS Ι (C-4)**

Experiments on atomic and molecular physics, optics and solid state physics. Black-body radiation, photoelectric effect, Michelson Interferometer, X-rays (spectra analysis, linear absorption, absorption from various materials, diffraction, determination of Planck constant), atomic spectroscopy, molecular spectroscopy, opto-galvanic spectroscopy, laser fluorescence, laser lensing, multi-photon molecular ionization. Mössbauer spectroscopy, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR). (1,0,3)

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**210. LABORATORIES IN MODERN PHYSICS ΙΙ (C-4)**

a-particle spectroscopy, detectors Si(Li). Thickness determination of Al, Cu, Au foils using an Am-241 source. β-particle spectroscopy determination of maximum energy of electrons via Curie diagrams. γ-ray spectroscopy, detectors NaI, Compton scattering, determination of absorption factor of γ-rays in Pb and Al with NaI detectors, Poisson statistics with Geiger detector, Simulation of radioactive decay, Half-life of natural radioactive elements, Coincidence experiments with pulse generator and radioactive 22Na source, Angular distribution measurement using a 60Co source, Geiger-Muller tube, Cosmic radiation detection with plastic scintillators. (1,0,3)

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**211. MATERIALS SCIENCE (B-5)**

Overview of electrical, mechanical, optical and magnetic properties of metals, semiconductors, dielectrics, ceramics and plastics. Applications of classical thermodynamics in solids and bimetallic compounds. Applications of the dislocation theory of crystals in the mechanical properties of solids. Liquid crystals and amorphous semiconductors. (3,1,0)

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**212. STRUCTURAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS (C-4)**

Introduction. Interactions of radiation with matter. Basic theory of Elastic Scattering. Elastic scattering from single atoms. Crystal diffraction. Basic theory of electron diffraction. Secondary emission. Radiation production, detection and measurement. Applications of X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction in crystal solids. High and low energy electron diffraction in thin films. Elemental analysis through X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Electron spectroscopy in surface analysis. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and electron loss spectroscopy. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy in surface analysis. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM). Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). (3,1,0)

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**213. LASER PHYSICS (C-4)**

Introductory notes. Laser categories, Hazards and Protection. Propagation of electromagnetic waves is optical media, Gaussian beams, Passive optical cavities, Modes. Interaction of radiation with matter, Absorption, Stimulated emission, Spontaneous emission. Pumping processes. CW Lasers, population rate equations, Threshold conditions, Single mode operation. Pulsed lasers, Q-switching, Mode-locking. Types of Lasers (3,1,0)

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**214. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY Ι (C-4)**

Chemical thermodynamics: Gibbs function, chemical potential. Phase equilibria. Chemical equilibria. Thermochemistry. Electrochemical equilibria: electrolytic solutions, electrochemical cells. (3,1,0)

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**215. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY ΙΙ (C-4)**

Applications of Kinetic Theory. Chemical kinetics. Processes on solid surfaces (adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis). Dynamic electrochemistry. (3,1,0)

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**216. MODERN OPTICS AND APPLICATIONS (C-4)**

Maxwell equations in optical materials and electromagnetic energy transfer. Reflection, refraction, Fresnel equations, dispersion equations. Interference, Airy equations, interferometry. Diffraction, Kirchhoff integral, optical boundaries. Polarization, scattering, optical action, polarizers, phase retarders. Thin film interference. Holography. Optical fibres. Light sources and photodetectors. (3,1,0)

**217. APPLICATIONS IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS (C-4)**

Introductory concepts in Nuclear Physics. Interactions of radiation with matter. Nuclear radiation detectors. Nuclear energy. Physics and technology of nuclear reactors. Physics and applications of neutrons. Methods for trace analysis. Applications of radioisotopes in research and industry. Radio-dating methods. Radio-ecology. Dosimetry. Radiation shielding. Applications in geophysics. Applications in medicine: gamma camera, positron-electron tomography (PET), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). (3,1,0)

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**218. POLYMER SOLIDS (C-4)**

Introduction, plastics and polymers, classification of polymers, glass transition of polymers, polymer dynamics near the glass point, crystallization of solids, kinetics of crystallization, semi-crystal polymers dynamics, liquid-crystal polymers, chemical/physical structure and applications. (3,1,0)

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**219. MEDICAL PHYSICS - RADIOPHYSICS (D-3)**

Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter focusing on medical applications. Dosimetry. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Introduction to physics of medical imaging (Radiology, Nuclear Medicine). Introduction to physics of radiotherapy. Radioprotection. Classical mechanics applied to human walking. (3,0,1)

**220. BIOPHYSICS (D-3)**

Thermodynamics of biological systems. Biological results of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Theory of elastic and inelastic scattering of photons and electrons from matter. Spectroscopy techniques of biologic interest materials [Infrared (IR), Raman, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)]. Microscopy techniques of biologic interest materials [scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)]. X-ray diffraction, electron trajectory Monte-Carlo simulation (Auger and photoelectrons) in biologic materials. Laboratory exercises. (3,1,0)

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**301. PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS(D-3)**

Science and the problem of truth. The foundations of the Science of Physics. The Nature in ancient Greek philosophy. The dispute of Aristotelean Physics in Renaissance. The Logical Empiricism and its criticism. The problem of the method. The progress of scientific theories. Relativism and scientific rationalism. (4,0,0)

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**303. HISTORY OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES (D-3)**

The physical sciences in the first societies of History. The physical sciences during the Classical and Byzantine eras and the Renaissance. The first scientific revolution - Galileo. The second scientific revolution - the discovery of X-rays. Modern developments. Societal impact of Science. Interplay between Science and Technology. (4,0,0)

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**304. DIDACTICS OF PHYSICS (D-3)**

The nature of Physical Sciences and learning.Procedures of the scientific method and Physics teaching.Teaching with the use experiment. Alternative views of students and their impact on teaching. The constructivist model of learning. The role of experiment in the notional change. Pre-existing student ideas on the various concepts of Physics. Examples of constructive approach. (4,0,0)

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**305. MODERN TRENDS IN THE TEACHING OF PHYSICS (D-3)**

Didactic strategies for the teaching of Physical Sciences: notion-centric, guided discovery, constructivism, inquiry. Specialized techniques of didactic strategies: various types of questions, Socratic dialogue, team discussion, metaphors and analogies, problem solving, models/modeling, cognitive conflict, role games, prediction-observation-explanation, deducing conclusions, advance organizers, organization diagrams, notional map, metacognitive skills/reflection. Modern trends in the design of in Physical Sciences (scientific and technological illiteracy, language communication and comprehension in the teaching of Physical Sciences). Individual procedures of the scientific method and student experimentation. Student evaluation in Physical Sciences. Educational materials and their role in teaching. (4,0,0)

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**306. EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES (D-3)**

The relationship between theory and experiment in Pedagogical Science. Modern pedagogical theories. Pedagogical science and post-modernism. Contemporary problems and the role of pedagogical science. Pedagogical relationships and pedagogical communication in the classroom. (4,0,0)

**307. DIDACTIC METHODOLOGY (D-3)**

Contents of didactic methodology. Theories of learning. Theories of teaching. Teacher-student relations. The role of teacher. (4,0,0)

**308. NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION (C-4)**

Introduction: historical facts. Computers in the service of education: the use of computers. The use of computer simulation in the understanding of abstract concepts, the use of multimedia technologies, software of creation of multimedia applications, computer-aided evaluation. Internet in education: Education from distance, creation and diffusion of courses in the world-wide-web. Teaching of physics using new technologies: educational gates. Specialized packages. (1,0,3)

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**401. GENERAL METEOROLOGY (B-5)**

Weather and climate. Branches of Meteorology. Composition, evolution, height and vertical structure of the atmosphere. Solar radiation and mechanisms of heat transfer in the atmosphere. Air temperature. Atmospheric pressure and sea-level pressure maps. Wind, general circulation and local circulations in the

atmosphere. Atmospheric humidity. Atmospheric stability. Clouds and local-scale condensation phenomena. Precipitation. Air masses and fronts. Depressions, anticyclones, tropical cyclones, thunderstorms and tornadoes. Fundamental elements of weather analysis and forecasting. Educational visit to the university meteorological station. (3,1,0)

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**402. PHYSICS OF THE ATMOSPHERE (C-4)**

Structure, composition and thermodynamics of the atmosphere. Atmospheric pressure, density and composition of the atmosphere. Variable atmospheric gases. Temperature structure. Free atmosphere. Equation of State. Variation of pressure with height. Water in the atmosphere. The first Law of Thermodynamics for the atmosphere. Radiation. Orbital parameters. Earth's orbit, seasonal and daily effects. Sun-set, sun-rise and twilight. Definition of radiative flux, basics of radiation. Radiation balance at Earth's surface. Physics of clouds. Cloud formation, cloud sizes, fractal structure of clouds. Processes of cloud saturation. Clouds and fog, other types of fog. Precipitation and ice crystals, nucleation of liquid drops and ice crystals. Development and growth of drops and ice crystals by diffusion. Collision and collection of drops. Precipitable water. (3,0,1)

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**403. DYNAMIC METEOROLOGY (C-4)**

Thermodynamics of dry and humid air. Hydrostatics and vertical equilibrium. Basic equations of motion and applications to special flow patterns. Law of conservation of mass and equation of continuity. Conservation of energy. Equations of boundary layer. Circulation and turbulence. Cyclogenesis. Simple formulae of motion of atmospheric waves. Vertical variation of location and strength of pressure systems. (3,1,0)

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**404. FLUID MECHANICS (C-4)**

Basic principles of fluid mechanics. Statics of fluids. Kinematics of moving fluids. Equations of motion of moving fluids. Two and three dimensional flows. Flow of viscous fluids. Stress components of a real fluid. Equations of motion of a real fluid. Dimensional analysis. Non-dimensional parameters (Reynolds number, Froude number, Richardson number). Compressible flow. Thermodynamics of fluids. Elements of Magneto-hydrodynamics. Applications. (3,1,0)

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**405. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS (B-5)**

Planet Earth and the origins of its environment. Formation of solid, liquid and gaseous elements. The terrestrial atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Physical principles of environmental problems. Natural forces. Air pollution. Atmospheric cycles of basic forms of waste. Chemical reactions of gaseous pollutants. Atmospheric ozone. Ozone layer hole. Size distributions of particles. Mechanisms of removal of atmospheric pollutants. Boundary layer. Mixing-length theory. Turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Air pollution and Meteorology. Models of transport, diffusion and deposition. Influence of temperature stratification on diffusion. Influence of meteorological parameters. Pollution drains. Acid rain. Influence of pollution on weather and climate. Influence of pollution on health, plant and animal environment. Radioactive pollution. Noise pollution. Physics and pollution of water (sea, lake, river). Diluted gases. Chemical cycles. Chemical reactions. Bacteriological water pollution. Chemical pollution. Energy and pollution. Environmental impact. Physics and soil pollution. (3,1,0)

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**406. PHYSICAL CLIMATOLOGY (C-4)**

Solar radiation. Distribution of solar radiation in the Earth-atmosphere system. Terrestrial radiation. Distribution of terrestrial radiation. Radiation balance. Boundary friction layer. The influence of turbulence on meteorological parameters. Heat dispersion in the soil. Hydrologic circle. Energy balance of Earth. Energy balance of atmosphere. Energy balance of soil-atmosphere system. Atmosphere and climate evolution and change. (3,1,0)

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**407. NATURAL ENERGY SOURCES, NATURAL RESOURCES AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT (C-4)**

Renewable and non-renewable natural energy resources. Solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, biomass, waterfall energy. Exploitation of energy sources and environmental impact. Natural resources (water, forests, fuel sources, etc). Ecosystems. Management, exploitation and disposal of natural resources. Environmental impact of the exploitation of the natural resources. Natural perils and natural environmental disasters. Viable development. Statistical and mathematical models for the study of natural sources and resources of energy. Applications. Non-renewable natural energy sources. Sources of conventional fuel (fossil, natural gas etc). Nuclear energy (fission, controlled thermonuclear fusion). Environmental impact. Problems and applications. Educational excursion. (4,0,0)

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**408. INTRODUCTION TO ASTROPHYSICS (B-5)**

Mechanisms of emission and absorption of radiation. Radiative transfer. Stellar magnitudes and distances. Stellar spectra and classification, Hertzsprung–Russell diagram. Internal structure, formation and evolution of stars. Final stages of stars: white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes. The Sun. The solar system. Variable and peculiar stars. Stellar groups and clusters. Interstellar matter. Our Galaxy. Other galaxies. Cosmology. (3,1,0)

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**409. SPACE WEATHER (C-4)**

Introduction to the Physics of the interplanetary plasma. Waves in plasmas. Magnetic reconnection. Shock waves. Solar activity. Solar wind. Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections. The terrestrial magnetosphere and its dynamics. Aurora. Space weather and human activities. (3,1,0)

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**410. GALAXIES AND COSMOLOGY (C-4)**

Distribution of stars in the Galaxy. Kinematics of the Galaxy. Morphology of the Galaxy: disk, bulge and halo. Indications of dark matter in the Galaxy. Structure and physical characteristics of other galaxies. Morphological classification of galaxies. Radiation in radio, infrared and X-rays. Dark matter searches. *S upermassive *black holes. Elements of galactic dynamics. The nature of spirals in galaxies. Evolution of galaxies. Interactions between galaxies. Active galaxies and quasars. Hubble's law and cosmological assumptions. Observations with cosmological significance. Evolutionary models of the Universe. Open issues: singularity and dark energy. (3,1,0)

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**411. OBSERVATIONAL ASTROPHYSICS (C-4)**

Introduction. The influence of Earth's atmosphere and its correction. Aperture theory. Collection of radiation and image formation. Telescopes. Radiation detectors. Spectroscopic analysis. Polarimetric measurements of radiation. Neutron and gravitational radiation detectors. Practical work. (3,1,0)

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**412. PHYSICS OF THE PLANETARY SYSTEM (C-4)**

General characteristics of the planets: giants and Earth-like planets. Dynamics of the planetary system. Kepler's laws. Tidal force. Planetary atmospheres. Planetary interiors. Planetary surfaces. Planetary magnetospheres. Planetary rings. Minor bodies of the planetary system (asteroids, comets, meteoroids). Formation and evolution of the solar system. Extra-solar planets. (3,1,0)

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**413. SOLAR PHYSICS (C-4)**

Solar observations. Diagnostics of solar plasmas. Interaction of solar plasmas with the magnetic field. One-dimensional models of the solar atmosphere. Solar wind. Oscillations and helioseismology. Fine structure of the solar atmosphere. Solar active regions. Solar activity: flares, Coronal Mass Ejections. Chromospheric and coronal heating. Influences of the Sun on the space environment. (3,1,0)

*Additional Information-Course Outline*

**501. APPLICATIONS OF ANALOG ELECTRONICS (C-4)**

Laboratory simulation and realization – study and construction of printed circuits containing: dipole transistors, Field Effect Transistors (FET) in basic circuits (KB, KE, KS). Multi-stage amplifiers, various coupling ways. Output stages (A, B, AB, C, D). Frequency response of simple circuits. Frequency response of complex circuits. Design and construction of power supplies, circuits with operational amplifiers, active filters, special circuits, etc. (1,0,3)

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**502. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (C-4)**

Number systems, Binary arithmetic – Basic operations. Bool Algebra – Logic Circuits, Digital signals – creation principles. Basic gates (AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR, XNOR), conversions – combinations. Characteristics – specifications of the CMOS, TTl, ECL PECL gates. Assembler (serial parallel), Flip Flop, Shift Register, Counters, Multiplexer-Demultiplexer, Serial Interfaces. Timing-clock circuits. Representation circuits, Generators of pulse-series, Semiconductor memories and products (RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM). Modern high-integration circuits (PAL, PLD, CPLD, etc). ADC, DAC. Introduction to languages describing digital circuits (VHDL). Examples of its use in the description – execution of logical processes. (2,1,2)

*Additional Information-Course Outline*

**503. APPLICATIONS OF DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (C-4)**

Laboratory simulation using programming languages for digital circuits (VHDL), and experimental realization-study of: Operation of basic gates (AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR, XNOR). Operation of basic and complex circuits containing: Flip Flop, Shift Registers, Counters, Multiplexers-Demultiplexers. Operation of timing, imaging, pulse-series and clock circuits. Programming of modern high integration elements PAL, GAL, PLD, CPLD etc. Realization of complex circuits, functions and processes in modern electronic elements of high integration. Control of proper functioning. (2,0,2)

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**504. INTRODUCTION TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS (C-4)**

Representation of digital signals in time and frequency, pulse spectra. Network communications, network hierarchy. Coupling elements (channel, signal, noise, interpolation, distortion, etc.). Data broadcast, channel capacitance, data broadcasting in basic zone, interpolation, filtering, Nyquist response. Eye diagram, cosine filters, Nyquist filters, adaptive filters. Gain-phase distortion, interpolation-noise. Two-level digital modulations (ASK, FSK, PSK) and multiple levels (ASK, FSK, PSK, QPSK, DQPSK, OPQSK, QAM, APK). Encoding of source, channel, block, etc. Multi-users modulation techniques (FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, FH-CDMA, DS-CDMA, etc.), examples, applications. (2,0,2)

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**505. MICROCONTROLLERS -MICROPROCESSORS (C-4)**

Introduction, basic definitions and concepts, development of microprocessors. Design characteristics, registers. Arithmetic-Logical unit, control unit, instructions execution, modes of operation, instruction look-ahead. Instruction types and timing diagrams. Units communication, dot classification, communication protocols with peripheral devices. Operation of principal memory systems, cache and virtual memory. Description of microprocessors. Microprocessor programming, Assembly language. (2,0,2)

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**506. OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES (C-4)**

Introduction to C++ programming language. Input-output commands. Flow commands. Objects, methods, classes, inheritance. Introduction to object-oriented programming (ROOT). Histograms, graphics, data fitting. (2,0,2)

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**507. INTERNET APPLICATIONS (C-4)**

Historical background, basics in internet and world-wide-web (www) function and usage. Introduction to HTML programming language for designing web pages (text, graphics, tables, etc.). Web page designing using CSS. Designing dynamic web pages (Java applets, Javascript, PHP). (1,0,3)

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**508. ADNANCED TECHNOLOGY MATERIALS (C-4)**

Nanostructured materials for electronic applications: Introduction, preparation methods, properties, applications. Nanoporous materials for magnetic applications: Introduction, electron and ion magnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism, magnetic interactions and superfine fields, preparation methods, applications. Nanostructured materials in catalysis: Introduction, preparation methods, applications. Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. (3,0,1)

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**509. COMPUTER MEASUREMENTS AND AUTOMATICS (C-4)**

Detectors and sensors. Analog and digital systems. Analog to digital signal conversion. Analog and digital measuring instruments. Computer architecture. Platforms for application development. Data acquisition systems. Introduction to LabVIEW and applications. Acquisition and processes of images. (2,0,2)

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**510. INTRODUCTION TO OPTOELECTRONICS AND OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS (C-4)**

Optical fibers, types of fibers, operational areas of telecommunication fibers, characteristics, attenuation. Characteristics of networks, optical fibers, multiplexing. Dispersion, types of dispersion, effect on the signal, distortion, effect on the bandwidth. Types of semiconductor Laser, optical detectors PIN, APD. Structure, characteristics and performance of receiver. Signal on the receiver, noise on the receiver, Direct Detection, promotion S/N. Detection systems of digital signal, optical detector, temporal response, error rate (BER), power demands. Analog detection, signal to noise, Direct Intensity Modulation, modulation with carrier wave (DSB-IM, FM-IM, PM-IM). (2,0,2)

**701. DIPLOMA THESIS (E-10)**

The course is annual and it is offered to the students of the 7^{th} and 8^{th} semester. The students interested in the course should be addressed to the faculty member relevant to the topic of the thesis.

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**702. WORK PLACEMENT (F-3)**

The course is offered only to the students of the 6^{th}, 7^{th} and 8^{th} semester. The students interested in the course should be addressed to the faculty member relevant to the topic of the work placement.

*Additional Information-Course Outline*